Gateway Health News

Sports Injuries

2015-08-07
Sports Injuries

Celadrin

Many sports related injuries involve inflammatory processes and traditionally NSAID
medication will form part of the treatment programme. Celadrin is a complex
consisting of various fatty acids and is easily able to penetrate cell membranes, which
enhances cell membrane health and integrity. Celadrin appears to act as a powerful
anti-inflammatory agent, inhibiting the production of inflammatory compounds such
as prostaglandins. Celadrin appears to work quickly, making it of particular value to
those with acute injuries, especially where a rapid return to fitness is desirable – as is
often the case with sports-related injuries.

Bromelain

Proteolytic enzymes have been shown to inhibit various inflammatory processes, such
as those that occur in arthritis, sports injuries and so on. Bromelain, the enzyme from
pineapple, has been the subject of considerable clinical research highlighting it’s
effectiveness in inhibiting inflammation and facilitating healing of injuries. The effect
is usually quicker than that of herbs, making it particularly useful for short-term
inflammation, such as sports injuries or muscle strain.

Turmeric
Turmeric’s active curcuminoids have been found in studies to possess considerable antiinflammatory
activity, in part due to their ability to inhibit the synthesis of
inflammatory prostaglandins. In fact, when compared to corticosteroids, turmeric
extract displays an equal anti-inflammatory capability in acute inflammation and is
approximately 50% as potent as corticosteroids in chronic inflammation.

Glucosamine

Damage to cartilage and soft tissues in and around joints can also be due to sports
injury, heavy lifting, etc. Chondrocytes in the joint use glucosamine to produce
glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) and glycoproteins, which repair the joint and improve
mobility by strengthening the cartilage and connective tissues. These compounds are
also important in the repair of bone tissue in the case of fracture or age-related bone
loss.

MSM (Sulphur)

As sulphur is necessary for the production of new cells, it plays an essential part in the
synthesis of collagen, the vital protein substance that forms the flexible foundation of
connective tissue. In studies MSM has been found to enhance wound repair as well as
offering some anti-inflammatory and pain relieving properties that make its use in
sports injuries warranted.

Antioxidants

Antioxidants are important in the modulation of inflammatory processes and are
helpful in promoting tissue repair. A broad range of antioxidant nutrient intake is
recommended to derive the maximum synergistic properties of antioxidants.

Sports Injury Summary

Nutrient/Herb Typical intake range
Celadrin1 500 – 2000mg per day
Glucosamine sulphate (or hydrochloride)2 1000 – 2000mg per day
Bromelain1 500 – 3000mg per day (away from food)
MSM 3 500 – 5000mg per day
Turmeric (95% curcuminoids)4 300 – 900mg per day
Antioxidant formula As per manufacturer’s directions

Reduce/avoid
Dairy foods
Red meat
Excessive animal proteins
Trans/hydrogenated fats
Refined/processed foods

Increase

Complex carbohydrates
Oily fish
Nuts and seeds
Green leafy vegetables
Fruit (especially berries)
Vegetarian protein sources

Lifestyle Factors

Ensure sufficient rest and recovery time for the injury before attempting to return to competitive
action

Footnotes
1. Possible interaction with Warfarin – concurrent use with medical supervision only.
2. Although interactions are rare, diabetics should be monitored if they intend to use glucosamine.
Allergy - the most common supplemental form is derived from shellfish
3. Some literature suggests that MSM augments warfarin, so supplementation alongside should
probably be avoided.
4. Do not use during pregnancy or lactation. Do not use with Warfarin or anticoagulant
medication. May reduce effectiveness of immunosupressants – concurrent use under medical
supervision only. Very high doses should not be used concurrently with NSAID medication.