Eye Health (General)
Bilberry (vaccinium myrtillus)
Research studies confirm that bilberry extract offers significant benefits in the
prevention and treatment of various eye dysfunctions. The active anthocyanoside
flavonoids in bilberry improve the circulation to the eyes, increase oxygen and energy
levels in the eye tissue, and possess powerful antioxidant and connective tissuestrengthening
Ginkgo (ginkgo biloba)
The herb ginkgo has demonstrated impressive protective effects against free radical
damage to the retina in experimental studies. The ability of its active compounds to
enhance circulation and protect capillaries would be of additional benefit.
Eyebright is probably the best known of all herbal eye tonics and is reported to be
supportive to the associated mucous membranes. The astringent compounds in
eyebright are used to provide a tonic effect for the eyes and reduce sinus congestion,
stinging, sensitivity to light, weeping eyes and catarrhal conditions.
The antioxidant carotenoid lutein is one of the most abundant protective compounds
found in eye tissue. Research shows that lutein benefits the integrity of the macula, and
may represent one of the most important preventative agents against degenerative eye
disorders such as macular degeneration.
Antioxidants (e.g. vitamins A, C and E, selenium, zinc)
Nutritional antioxidants reduce the activity of free radicals and thus the damage caused
by them. Free radical damage is a primary factor in the development of degenerative
conditions of the eye.
Eye Health Summary
Nutrient/Herb Typical intake range
Eyebright extract (4:1) 500 – 1500mg per day
Bilberry Berries (25% anthocyanosides)1 60 – 180mg per day
Ginkgo biloba extract
60 – 180mg per day
Lutein 1 – 15mg per day
Antioxidant formula As per manufacturer’s instructions
Fruit (especially berries)
Nuts and seeds
Stop Smoking (smoking more than doubles risk of developing macular degeneration)
Limit exposure to UV light (wear sunglasses in bright sunlight)
Limit exposure to environmental toxins and other sources of free radicals
1. Do not use during pregnancy or lactation. Concurrent use with Warfarin, anti-platelet
medication, insulin and oral hypoglycaemic medication under medical supervision only.
2. Do not use during pregnancy or lactation. May decrease the action of Warfarin. Concurrent use
with insulin and oral hypoglycaemic medication under medical supervision only. Do not use with